Cataract surgery

Cirugía de cataratas
Cataracts are a type of eye condition that clouds the vision of older individuals, affecting the lens of the eye. Typically, they occur in elderly patients whose vision has deteriorated, although there can be cases of congenital cataracts that affect babies or occur at an early age. To treat them in a timely manner, cataract surgery is necessary. As professionals in ophthalmology, Bogotá Láser offers the best surgical procedure, performed with state-of-the-art technology, to correct the vision problem.

To better understand, cataracts in the eyes are defined as the opacity of the lens, which is located behind the iris. All images must pass through the pupil and this lens to be properly visualized. It is the most common refractive error leading to vision loss worldwide, affecting 70% of people over 75 years old. However, it can also be noticed from the age of 40. The lens is a type of eye lens located behind the pupil, and its function is to focus images on the retina. However, over time, it becomes cloudy in some cases, eventually leading to almost complete blindness.  


  • Aging.
  • Diabetes.
  • Use of medications like cortisone.
  • Congenital cataracts.
  • Cataracts due to trauma.
  • Tabaquismo.
  • Exposure to UV rays.
  • Exposure to radiation.
  • Taking steroids.


  • Decreased visual acuity.
  • Changes in color perception.
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light.
  • Feeling of ocular pressure.
  • Seeing halos around lights.
  • Experiencing diplopia (seeing double).
  • Requiring more light to read.


To determine the severity of cataracts, the presence of eye edema, and the need for laser eye surgery, a comprehensive eye examination is essential. It includes the following steps: tonometry (eye pressure measurement), visual acuity (measurement of vision at different distances), pupil dilation examination, slit lamp (enables detailed observation of small eye sections), and retinal examination.


The specialists at Bogotá Láser perform cataract surgery using the latest technology, which uses ultrasound to break down the lens through tiny incisions, ensuring visual recovery within hours. This condition can be treated with:

Closer Look at Cataracts

Types of Cataracts
  1. Subcapsular cataract:This type occurs at the back of the lens. It's often seen in individuals with diabetes or those taking high-dose steroid medications, making them more prone to its development.
  2. Nuclear cataract:Evident in the nucleus of the lens, specifically in the central area. It is directly associated with age and age-related eye deterioration.
  3. Cortical cataract:This type manifests when white opacities develop in the lens cortex, primarily located in the periphery and tend to spread radially.
What Causes Cataracts? Age-related cataracts develop in two ways:
  1. When protein accumulations reduce image clarity reaching the retina: The lens is composed of water and protein, and the accumulation of this protein clouds the lens, reducing the light reaching the retina. The opacity can be so severe that it blurs vision. Most cataracts develop due to protein accumulations.

  2. When the lens gradually changes to a yellowish color, adding a brownish tint to vision: With age, the lens slowly acquires a yellowish color, making it more difficult to read and perform routine activities. Advanced lens discoloration should be evaluated by an eye doctor and eye surgeon.

It's worth noting that cataracts tend to develop slowly, and over time, the opaque area of the lens can expand, leading to increasingly hazy and blurry vision. Regular visits to an eye care center are recommended to monitor visual health.

Cataract Treatment Options

At Bogota Laser, you can find cataract surgery, a precise outpatient procedure supported by a team of ophthalmology specialists who stay updated on studies and advancements in vision disorders.

Cataract surgery is a very precise procedure. The laser directly targets the cataract-affected area, softening it for subsequent removal. The average duration of a cataract surgery is around 20 minutes, with a recovery time ranging from 48 to 72 hours. Additionally, we offer innovative techniques for previously untreated visual defects, focusing on total technology applied to ophthalmic surgery.

Prevention Recommendations for Cataracts

While there has been much debate about the ability to prevent cataracts definitively, numerous studies have determined that certain vitamins and nutrients significantly reduce the risk of developing this condition.
Among the findings, it was possible to establish that sunflower seeds, almonds, spinach, and leafy vegetables are excellent sources of vitamin E. Likewise, foods with high omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial.

NEWS ABOUT Cataract surgery

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