Cataract surgery

Cirugía de cataratas
Cataracts are a type of eye condition that clouds the vision of older individuals, affecting the lens of the eye. Typically, they occur in elderly patients whose vision has deteriorated, although there can be cases of congenital cataracts that affect babies or occur at an early age. To treat them in a timely manner, cataract surgery is necessary. As professionals in ophthalmology, Bogotá Láser offers the best surgical procedure, performed with state-of-the-art technology, to correct the vision problem.

To better understand, cataracts in the eyes are defined as the opacity of the lens, which is located behind the iris. All images must pass through the pupil and this lens to be properly visualized. It is the most common refractive error leading to vision loss worldwide, affecting 70% of people over 75 years old. However, it can also be noticed from the age of 40. The lens is a type of eye lens located behind the pupil, and its function is to focus images on the retina. However, over time, it becomes cloudy in some cases, eventually leading to almost complete blindness.  


  • Aging.
  • Diabetes.
  • Use of medications like cortisone.
  • Congenital cataracts.
  • Cataracts due to trauma.
  • Tabaquismo.
  • Exposure to UV rays.
  • Exposure to radiation.
  • Taking steroids.


  • Decreased visual acuity.
  • Changes in color perception.
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light.
  • Feeling of ocular pressure.
  • Seeing halos around lights.
  • Experiencing diplopia (seeing double).
  • Requiring more light to read.


To determine the severity of cataracts, the presence of eye edema, and the need for laser eye surgery, a comprehensive eye examination is essential. It includes the following steps: tonometry (eye pressure measurement), visual acuity (measurement of vision at different distances), pupil dilation examination, slit lamp (enables detailed observation of small eye sections), and retinal examination.


The specialists at Bogotá Láser perform cataract surgery using the latest technology, which uses ultrasound to break down the lens through tiny incisions, ensuring visual recovery within hours. This condition can be treated with:

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